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Old Crafts from the Region

Old Crafts from the Region


Embroidery

Embroidery is a form of art, handmade craft for decorating of fabrics made out of textiles or other materials with patterns and drawings by the means of sewing of strings or yarn with the help of a needle. Embroidery can be done with other materials such as pearls, beads or even bird feathers. In the Bulgarian textile products the colors are harmonically intertwined and form many interesting geometrical figures and images of natural phenomena. Most of the different colors which are used are traditionally received from various plants. The Bulgarian folk national costumes play an important role in Bulgarian folklore. Women’s costumes were only worn inside the house. Some of the main motifs of women’s costumes are easily distinguished. Dresses are made with one or two pinafores (a long and wide dress without sleeves) and long dresses. White and black colors prevail in men’s costumes. The art of embroidery is also varied and is an important element of the decoration of the male and female national costumes.
The weaving of rugs and carpets dates back to the ninth century. Our region is famous for with its rugs made of wool. Bansko is one of the towns well known with its woven carpets and rugs. The rugs are put on floors and used as pillowcases. The picture was taken in the Ethnical Museum of Razlog.


Fountains

For a long time water has been a rare, expensive and difficult to access resource. Before the plumbing system was constructed in Razlog, the citizens used the water from rivers, mineral springs and wells. A fountain (CHESHMA in Bulgarian) is a complete system for interception and transporting the drinking water, and a structure that has always been a meeting point for the local residents. It’s also a small structure, where the water from the mineral spring is transported to a populated place. It is easily accessible, more comfortable for pouring in dishes and transferring. There are two inscriptions on every fountain. One of them is located on the left and the other is located on the right side. On the left side it is written “Enlightment is the grounds of freedom” and on the right side “The spiritual power of the people is the prerequisite for freedom”. Through 927 King Peter manages to achieve self-sufficiency on Bulgarian church. A thousand years later in honor of this event the government took decision to build fountains “monuments”. Then this fountain is brought and it’s installed in the square, after this the fountain is relocated in front of the museum. The fountain itself is composed from three stones that symbolizes the tree parts of Sans - Stephan Bulgaria


National costumes


Woodcraft

Wood crafting has developing in two ways. Traditional shepherd’s woodcrafts contain work crafts on spoons, cups and shepherds gega. In parallel with shepherds has evolved and church wood crafting. Deep thread is using on a large scale projects since the nine century and some models are located in Rila Monastery and in the church in Bansko. Making of shallow thread starts since eight century, and mainly used like architecture element in houses from Revival period and in the small churches.


Pottery

Pottery is a craft technology for the production of ceramics, in which clay is formed in containers, primarily for consumption. Aesthetic considerations often influence the creation of pottery. Modern methods of serial production have replaced traditional pottery, which is why it now concentrates more on aesthetics than on functionality in industrialized countries. A potter man is called potter. The earliest way to make pottery is entirely manual by pressing and twisting the material. The earliest method of roasting clay is "baking in a trap", where temperatures of 900 ° C are reached for a relatively short period of time. Early potters use whatever clay they have available in geographic proximity to them. However, the lowest quality red clay is suitable for low temperature roasting and is used for the very first clay pots. Clays containing sand , grains, crushed shells or broken ceramic vessels are often used to make ceramics baked in open fires, allowing free evaporation of water and other volatile clay components. Coarse particles in clay also prevent shrinkage during cooling, which helps reduce the risk of heat stress and cracking. Early clay vessels have rounded shapes and bottoms to avoid cracking in the presence of edges and corners. Due to the need for high temperature baking, the early pots are not glossy. The pottery wheel was invented in Mesopotamia between 6000 and 4000 BC. and revolutionized pottery. Professional potters appear to be able to meet the growing need of vessels in emerging cities.